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CBSE Syllabus For Class 8 Science: Although schools affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conduct their own annual exams for Class 8, the syllabus is the one recommended by CBSE – the NCERT curriculum. All schools affiliated to CBSE use the NCERT textbooks of the respective subjects. For Science too, Class 8 students of CBSE affiliated schools refer to the NCERT Science textbooks. Even national-level competitive exams are based on the NCERT textbooks. So, it is very important that students finish the NCERT textbooks.
It is very important for students to perform well in Class 8 because of various reasons. Firstly, the syllabus of Class 9 and Class 10 Science is very closely related to that of the CBSE syllabus of Class 8 Science. So, if you do not understand the concepts properly now, you will face difficulty later. Second, if you are planning to appear for competitive exams in the future, like NTSE and Olympiads, you have to be prepared to face higher level questions which need a clear understanding of the basics and a very strong foundation. This means every single concept in the CBSE syllabus of Class 8 Science must be finished thoroughly.
CBSE Syllabus For Class 8 Science
As mentioned above, CBSE recommends NCERT books. As per the NCERT textbook of Science for Class 8, the different chapters included in the CBSE syllabus for Class 8 Science are tabulated below:
Name of Chapter
Crop Production and Management
Microorganisms: Friend and Foe
Synthetic Fibres and Plastics
Materials: Metals and Non-Metals
Coal and Petroleum
Combustion and Flame
Conservation of Plants and Animals
Cell — Structure and Functions
Reproduction in Animals
Reaching the Age of Adolescence
Force and Pressure
Chemical Effects of Electric Current
Some Natural Phenomena
Stars and The Solar System
Pollution of Air and Water
It is to be noted that the CBSE Syllabus for Class 8 science includes the syllabus of all three sections – Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
Let us now see what all are included under each of the chapters:
The different topics included in each chapter are as under:
Chapter 1: Crop Production and Management
1.1: Agricultural Practices
1.2: Basic Practices of Crop Production
1.3: Preparation of Soil
1.5 Adding Manure and Fertilizers
1.7: Protection from Weeds
1.10: Food from Animals
Chapter 2: Microorganisms: Friend and Foe
2.2: Where do Microorganisms Live?
2.3: Microorganisms and Us
2.4: Harmful Microorganisms
2.5: Food Preservation
2.6: Nitrogen Fixation
2.7: Nitrogen cycle
Chapter 3: Synthetic Fibres And Plastics
3.1: What are Synthetic Fibres?
3.2: Types of Synthetic Fibres
3.3: Characteristics of Synthetic Fibres
3.5: Plastics as Materials of Choice
3.6: Plastics and the Environment
Chapter 4: Materials: Metals and Non-Metals
4.1: Physical Properties of Metals and Non-metals
4.2: Chemical Properties of Metals and Non-metals
4.3: Uses of Metals and Non-metals
Chapter 5: Coal And Petroleum
5.3: Natural Gas
5.4: Some Natural Resources are Limited
Chapter 6: Combustion And Flame
6.1: What is Combustion?
6.2: How Do We Control Fire?
6.3 Types of Combustion
6.5: Structure of a Flame
6.6: What is a Fuel?
6.7: Fuel Efficiency
Chapter 7: Conservation of Plants and Animals
7.1: Deforestation and Its Causes
7.2: Consequences of Deforestation
7.3: Conservation of Forest and Wildlife
7.4: Biosphere Reserve
7.5: Flora and Fauna
7.6: Endemic Species
7.7: Wildlife Sanctuary
7.8: National Park
7.9: Red Data Book
7.11: Recycling of Paper
Chapter 8: Cell — Structure and Functions
8.1: Discovery of the Cell
8.2: The Cell
8.3: Organisms show Variety in Cell Number, Shape and Size
8.4: Cell Structure and Function
8.5: Parts of the Cell
8.6: Comparison of Plants and Animals Cells
Chapter 9: Reproduction In Animals
9.1: Modes of Reproduction
9.2: Sexual Reproduction
9.3: Asexual Reproduction
Chapter 10: Reaching The Age Of Adolescence
10.1: Adolescence and Puberty
10.2: Changes at Puberty
10.3: Secondary Sexual Characters
10.4: Role of Hormones in Initiating Reproductive Function
10.5: Reproductive Phase of Life in Humans
10.6: How is the Sex of the Baby Determined?
10.7: Hormones other than Sex Hormones
10.8: Role of Hormones in Completing the Life History of Insects and Frogs
10.9: Reproductive Health
Chapter 11: Force And Pressure
11.1: Force: A push or a Pull
11.2: Forces are due to an Interaction
11.3: Exploring Forces
11.4: A Force can Change the State of Motion
11.5: Force can Change the Shape of an object
11.6: Contact Forces
11.7: Non-contact Forces
11.9: Pressure Exerted by Liquids and Gases
11.10: Atmospheric Pressure
Chapter 12: Friction
12.1: Force of Friction
12.2: Factors affecting Friction
12.3: Friction: A Necessary Evil
12.4: Increasing and Reducing Friction
12.5: Wheels Reduce Friction
12.6: Fluid Friction
Chapter 13: Sound
13.1: Sound is Produced by Vibrating Bodies
13.2: Sound Produced by Humans
13.3: Sounds Needs a Medium for Propagation
13.4: We Hear Sound through Our Ears
13.5: Aptitude, Time Period and Frequency of a vibration
13.6: Audible and Inaudible Sounds
13.7: Noise and Music
13.8: Noise Pollution
Chapter 14: Chemical Effects Of Electric Current
14.1: Do Liquids Conduct Electricity?
14.2: Chemical Effects Of Electric Current
Chapter 15: Some Natural Phenomena
15.2: Charging by Rubbing
15.3: Types of Charges and Their Interaction
15.4: Transfer of Charge
15.5: The Story of Lightning
15.6: Lightning Safety
Chapter 16: Light
16.1: What makes Things Visible
16.2: Laws of Reflection
16.3: Regular and Diffused Reflection
16.4: Reflected Light Can be Reflected Again
16.5: Multiple Images
16.6: Sunlight – White or Coloured
16.7: What is inside Our Eyes?
16.8: Care of the Eyes
16.9: Visually Impaired Persons Can Read and Write
16.10: What is Braille System?
Chapter 17: Stars And The Solar System
17.1: The Moon
17.2: The Stars
17.4: The Solar System
17.5: Some Other Members of the Solar System
Chapter 18: Pollution of Air and Water
18.1: Air Pollution
18.2: How does Air Get Polluted?
18.3: Case Study- The Taj Mahal
18.4: Greenhouse Effect
18.5: What can be Done?
18.6: Water Pollution
18.7: How does Water Get Polluted?
18.8: What is Potable Water and How is Water Purified?
18.9: What Can be Done?
Tips to prepare Class 8th Science
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Follow the tips to follow as your last mile preparation and login to create self learning environment
1. Strategize Your Time
Plan the 24 hours what you have. Study for sufficient time. Go through at least three subjects in a day. Apart from studying, set a time aside for your relaxation. Do whatever interests you – listen to instrumental music, draw, paint or watch an infotainment channel for not more than an hour.
2. Write What You Learn
Once you learnt your topic, make it a habit of writing it down. Experts advice that you must try to write it down at a fast pace though it’s sensible if you don’t spoil your handwriting in this practice. This habit of writing a topic will let you analyze how much time you are taking for it. It will ultimately help you to manage your time during your exam.
3. Don’t Ignore Diagrams
When you are tired of reading, sit and draw diagrams. It will help you not only to relax and but also learn the topic as well. You can figure out what you missed while drawing it and rectify it accordingly.
4. Have Proper Sleep
Eat, Sleep, Study and relax – That should be your motto rather than breaking your head over textbooks and notes. When you are free and lying on your bed before sleep, recall what topics you learnt for the day. Ask yourself which lesson needs some more attention so that you can plan your study for the next day.
5. Exercise /Meditate
Physical movements like – walking, running, jumping, skipping, hiking and biking – metabolizes brain and makes it more active. Research states, 20 minutes of walk make a student’s brain more active than a student sitting quietly. Meditation improves concentration power, IQ level, helps to focus better, reduces stress, depression and anxiety. Thus, these habits will keep you physically and physiologically healthy during your preparation and exams.
6. Create Mental Associations
Try to relate what you learnt with different subjects. Making connections is an easy way to remember a lesson. Steve Jobs once said, “Creativity is just connecting things. When you ask creative people how they did something, they feel a little guilty because they didn’t really do it, they just saw something”.
7. Use Mnemonic Technique
8. Study in a Group
Studying in a group helps you to gather new insights from your fellow mates. This process enhances your learning experience. In a group study, you share resources, interact with members and discuss ideas with your team. This habit will make your learning interactive.
9. Watch a Videos on a Topic with different resources
To learn a subject in a fast and easy way, try to watch a video of the lesson or topic you are studying from School Connect Online. Visuals help to retain things in an easy way.
10. Don’t Stay Up All Night Before Exam
Relax the day before your exam. Revise and go through all relevant topics. Focus on important topics. Have a proper dinner and sleep on time. Before going to bed, get your stationeries, admit card for exam and clothes ready for the next day.
Take practice tests and increase your speed and accuracy from School Connect Online. Manage your time well and complete the syllabus on time.
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