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Class 10 NCERT Solutions, Sample Papers and Result,Syllabus

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CBSE Class 10 Maths is given below:

MathsClass 10 Syllabus

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths with weighted Marks

Unit No

Unit Name



Number Systems






Coordinate Geometry












Statistics & Probability



80 marks


The CBSE Board examination will be conducted for 80 marks. The remaining 20 marks are allotted for Internal Assessment.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Mathematics – chapters and concepts under each unit.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths | Number Systems

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Number Systems

Real Numbers

Euclid’s division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic – statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of results – irrationality of √2, √3, √5, decimal expansions of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals.


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths | Algebra

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Algebra


Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.

Pair Of Linear Equations In Two Variables

Pair of linear equations in two variables and their graphical solution. Geometric representation of different possibilities of solutions/inconsistency.

Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically – by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication method. Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations.

Quadratic Equations

Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2+bx+c=0, (a ≠ 0). Solution of the quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, by completing the square and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.

Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated.

Arithmetic Progressions 

Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths |  Coordinate Geometry

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Coordinate Geometry

Lines (In two-dimensions)

Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division). Area of a triangle.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths | Geometry

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Geometry


Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.

  1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
  2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.
  3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.
  4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.
  5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.
  6. (Motivate) If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.
  7. (Prove) The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares on their corresponding sides.
  8. (Prove) In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.
  9. (Prove) In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angles opposite to the first side is a right triangle.


Tangents to a circle motivated by chords drawn from points coming closer and closer to the point.

  1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
  2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to circle are equal.


  1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally).
  2. Tangent to a circle from a point outside it.
  3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths | Trigonometry

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Trigonometry

Introduction To Trigonometry 

Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios, whichever are defined at 0° and 90°. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30°, 45° and 60°. Relationships between the ratios.

Trigonometric Identities 

Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identities to be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.

Heights and Distances 

Simple and believable problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30°, 45°, 60°.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths | Mensuration

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Mensuration

Areas Related to Circles

Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only. Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle should be taken).

Surface Areas and Volumes

Problems on finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.

Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths | Statistics And Probability

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Statistics and Probability


Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bi-modal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.


Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on single events (not using set notation).

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths | Internal Assessment

The Internal Assessment carries 20 marks:

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Internal Assessment

Regular Class Test / Periodical Test

10 Marks

Assignments and Activity

5 Marks

Note Book Submission

5 Marks

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Prescribed Books For Mathematics


Mathematics Textbook for Class X – NCERT Publication


Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, Class X – CBSE Publication


Mathematics Exemplar Problems for Class X, NCERT Publication


Laboratory Manual – Mathematics , NCERT Publication





Chemistry, Physics, Biology Class 10 Syllabus

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science


Unit No

Unit Name



Chemical Substance – Nature and Behaviour



World of Living



Natural Phenomena



Effects of Current



Natural Resources


Total Marks



The CBSE board examination will be of 80 Marks and rest 20 Marks are for Internal Assessment. Let us now look at the chapters and concepts under each unit of CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Science.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science: Chemical Substance – Nature And Behaviour


CBSE Class  10 Syllabus For Science : Chemical Substance – Nature And Behaviour

Chemical Reactions

Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation.

Types of chemical reactions: combination, Decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization,Oxidation and reduction.

Acids, Bases and Salts

Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life;

Preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and Non-Metals

Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon Compounds

Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.

Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction).

Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Periodic Classification of Elements

Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, and Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science | World Of Living

 CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science | World Of Living

Life Processes

‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and Co-ordination in animals & Plants

Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.


Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex (vs) HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution

Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science | Natural Phenomena

 CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science : Natural Phenomena

 Natural Phenomena

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.

Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science | Effects Of Current

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science : Effects Of Current

Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.

Magnetic Effects of Current


Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Electric Generator, Direct current. Alternating current : frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science | Natural Resources

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science :  Natural Resources

Sources of Energy

Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy.

Our Environment

Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Management of Natural Resources

Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science | Practical’s

CBSE has given guidelines on how to divide the internal assessment marks that carries the remaining 20 marks. Generally the Internal Assessment marks are divided in to 3 sections, they are as follows :

  1. 5 Marks: For Assignment submission.
  2. 10 Marks: Periodic Test, this periodic test will be conducted three times in a academic year.
  3. 5 Marks: Practicals

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science | List Of Experiments For Practicals

Practical’s should be conducted along with concepts taught in theory classes. CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Science Practical’s

Experiment No

Experiment Name


A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:

1.Dilute Hydrochloric Acid

2.Dilute NaOH solution

3.Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution

4.Lemon juice


6.Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution

B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:

1.Litmus solution (Blue/Red)

2.Zinc metal

3.Solid sodium carbonate


Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:

1.Combination reaction

2.Decomposition reaction

3.Displacement reaction

4.Double displacement reaction

       a. Action of water on quick lime

       b. Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals

       c. Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution

       d. Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions


Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:

1.ZnSO4 (aq)

2.FeSO4 (aq)

3.CuSO4 (aq)

4.Al2 (SO4)3 (aq)

Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.


Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.


Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.


Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.


Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.


Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):


2.solubility in water

3.effect on litmus

4.reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate


Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.


Determination of the focal length of:

1.Concave mirror

2.Convex lens

by obtaining the image of a distant object.


Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.


Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides.


Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.


Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed.


Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Science | Best Reference Books For Science

Listed below are prescribed books for Class 10 Science:


Science – Textbook for class X – NCERT Publication


Assessment of Practical Skills in Science – Class X – CBSE Publication


Laboratory Manual- Science -Class X, NCERT Publication


Exemplar Problems Class X – NCERT Publication


Detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science

Social Science see the marks distribution for History,Geography,Economics and Political Science:

Serial Number




India and the Contemporary World-II (History)



Contemporary India-II (Geography)



Democratic Politics-II (Political Science)



Understanding Economic Development (Economics)



80 marks


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science | India And The Contemporary World-II

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For History

Unit 1

Events and Processes – Any Two of the following themes should chosen

Chapter 1

The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

1.       The growth of nationalism in Europe after the 1830s.

2.       The ideas of Giuseppe Mazzini, etc.

3.       General characteristics of the movements in Poland, Hungary, Italy, Germany and Greece.

Chapter 2

The Nationalist Movement in Indo–China – Factors Leading to Growth of Nationalism in Indo-China

1.       French colonialism in Indo-China.

2.       Phases of struggle against the French.

3.       The ideas of Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Boi Chau, HO Chi Minh

4.       The Second World War and the liberation struggle.

5.       America and the Vietnam war.

 Chapter 3

 Nationalism in India

1.       Impact of First world war, Khilafat, Non Cooperation and Differing Strands within the Movement.

2.       Salt Satyagraha.

3.       Movements of peasants, workers, tribals.

4.       Limits of Civil Disobedience.

5.       The Sense of Collective Belonging.

Unit 2

Livelihoods, Economies and Societies : Any One of the following themes should be chosen

Chapter 4

The Making of a Global World

1.       The Pre-modern world

2.       The Nineteenth Century global economy (colonialism)

3.       The Inter war Economy (Great Depression)

4.       Rebuilding the World Economy

 Chapter 5

The Age of Industrialization

1.       Proto-industrialization and pace of industrial change

2.       Life of workers

3.       Industrialization in the colonies

4.       Early Entrepreneurs & workers

5.       The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth

6.       Market for Goods

Chapter 6

 Work, Life and Leisure

1.       Development of modern cities due to Industrialization in London & Bombay

2.       Housing and Land Reclamation

3.       Social Changes in the cities

4.       Cities and the challenge of the Environment

Unit 3

Everyday Life, Culture and Politics : Any one of the following themes should be chosen

Chapter 7

Print Culture and the Modern World

1.       The history of print in Europe.

2.       The growth of press in nineteenth century India.

3.       Relationship between print culture, public debate and politics.

Chapter 8

Novels, Society and History

1.       Emergence of the novel as a genre in the West.

2.       The relationship between the novel and changes in modern society.

3.       Early novels in nineteenth century India.

4.       A study of two or three major writers.


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science | Contemporary India-II

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Geography 

Chapter 1

Resources and Development

Types – natural and human; Need for resource planning, natural resources, land as a resource, soil types and distribution; changing land-use pattern; land degradation and conservation measures.

Chapter 2

Water Resources

Sources, distribution, utilization, multi-purpose projects, water scarcity, need for conservation and management, rainwater harvesting. (One case study to be introduced)

Chapter 3


Types of farming, major crops, cropping pattern, technological and institutional reforms; their impact; contribution of Agriculture to national economy-employment and output.

Chapter 4

Minerals and Energy Resources

Types of minerals, distribution (Note: on map only) use and economic importance of minerals, conservation, types of power resources: conventional and non-conventional, distribution and utilization, and conservation.

Chapter 5

Manufacturing Industries

Types, spatial distribution (Note: on map only) contribution of industries to the national economy, industrial pollution and degradation of environment, measures to control degradation.

Chapter 6

Life Lines of National Economy

Importance of means of Communication and transportation, Trade & Tourism


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science | Democratic Politics-II

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Political Science

Chapter 1 & 2

Power Sharing & Federalism

Why and how is power shared in democracies? How has federal division of power in India helped national unity? To what extent has decentralization achieved this objective? How does democracy accommodate different social groups?

Chapter 3 & 4

Democracy and Diversity & Gender, Religion and Caste

Are divisions inherent to the working of democracy? What has been the effect of caste on politics and of politics on caste? How has the gender division shaped politics? How do communal divisions affect democracy?

Chapter 5

Popular Struggles and Movements

Note: Ch-5 is to be done as project work only and will not be evaluated in theory

Chapter 6

Political Parties

What role do political parties play in competition and contestation? Which are the major national and regional parties in India?

Chapter 7

Outcomes of Democracy

Can or should democracy be judged by its outcomes? What outcomes can one reasonably expect of democracies? Does democracy in India meet these expectations? Has democracy led to development, security and dignity for the people? What sustains democracy in India?

Chapter 8

Challenges to Democracy

Is the idea of democracy shrinking? What are the major challenges to democracy in India? How can democracy be reformed and deepened? What role can an ordinary citizen play in deepening democracy?


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science | Understanding Economic Development

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Economics

Chapter 1


The traditional notion of development; National Income and Per capita Income. Growth of National Income – critical appraisal of existing development indicators (PCI, IMR, SR and other income and health indicators) The need for health and educational development; Human Development Indicators (in simple and brief as a holistic measure of development.

Chapter 2

Sectors of the Indian Economy

Sectors of Economic Activities; Historical change in sectors; Rising importance of tertiary sector; Employment Generation; Division of Sectors- Organized and Unorganized; Protective measures for unorganized sector workers.

Chapter 3

Money and Credit

Role of money in an economy: Formal and Informal financial institutions for Savings and Credit – General Introduction; Select one formal institution such as a nationalized commercial bank and a few informal institutions; Local money lenders, landlords, chit funds and private finance companies.

Chapter 4

Globalization and the Indian Economy

Production across countries, Foreign trade and Interaction of Markets, what is Globalization? Factors, WTO, Impact, Fair Globalization

Chapter 5

Consumer Rights

How consumer is exploited (one or two simple case studies) factors causing exploitation of consumers; Rise of consumer awareness; how a consumer should be in a market; role of government in consumer protection.


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science | List of Map Items

List of map Items are divided into two sections, that is first section for History and the second section for Geography. Let us now look into the list of map Items for CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science | List Of Map Items – Section A

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science: History – Outline Political Map of India 


Indian National Congress Sessions: Calcutta (Sep. 1920), Nagpur (Dec. 1920), Madras (1927), Lahore (1929)


Important Centers of Indian National Movement (Non-cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement)

1.       Champaran (Bihar) – Movement of Indigo Planters

2.       Kheda (Gujrat) – Peasant Satyagrah

3.       Ahmedabad (Gujarat) – Cotton Mill Workers Satyagraha

4.       Amritsar (Punjab) – Jallianwala Bagh Incident

5.       Chauri Chaura (U.P.) – calling off the Non Cooperation Movement

6.       Dandi (Gujarat) – Civil Disobedience Movement


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science | Geography – Outline Political Map of India

Chapter 1: Resources and Development

Identification only: Major soil Types.

Chapter 3: Water Resources

Locating and Labelling –Dams:

  1. Salal
  2. Bhakra Nangal
  3. Tehri
  4. Rana Pratap Sagar
  5. Sardar Sarovar
  6. Hirakud
  7. Nagarjuna Sagar
  8. (Along with rivers)

Chapter 4: Agriculture

Identification only
(a) Major areas of Rice and Wheat.
(b) Largest / Major producer states of Sugarcane; Tea; Coffee; Rubber; Cotton and Jute.

Chapter 5: Mineral and Energy Resources.

Minerals: (Identification only)

  1. Iron ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Durg, Bailadila, Bellary, Kudremukh
  2. Mica mines: Ajmer, Beawar, Nellore, Gaya, Hazaribagh
  3. Coal mines: Raniganj, Jharia, Bokaro, Talcher, Korba, Singrauli, Singareni, Neyvali
  4. Oil Fields: Digboi, Naharkatia, Mumbai High, Bassien, Kalol, Ankaleshwar
  5. Bauxite Deposits: The Amarkantak plateau, Maikal hills, The plateau region of Bilaspur- Katni, Orissa Panchpatmali deposits in Koraput district
  6. Mica deposits: The Chota Nagpur plateau. Koderma Gaya – Hazaribagh belt of Jharkhand, Ajmer, Nellore mica belt

Power Plants: (Locating and Labelling only)

  1. Thermal: Namrup, Talcher, Singrauli, Harduaganj, Korba, Uran, Ramagundam, Vijaywada, Tuticorin
  2.  Nuclear: Narora, Rawat Bhata, Kakrapara, Tarapur, Kaiga, Kalpakkam

Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries Locating and Labeling Only

(1) Cotton Textile Industries

(2) Iron and Steel Plants

(3) Software Technology Parks

Mumbai,  Indore, Ahmedabad, Surat, Kanpur, Coimbatore, Madurai

Burnpur, Durgapur, Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Raurkela, Bhilai, Vijaynagar, Bhadravati, Vishakhapatnam, Salem

Mohali, Noida, Jaipur, Gandhinagar, Indore, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, Bhubaneshwar, Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mysore, Chennai, Thiruvanantapuram

Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy.

Identification Only: Golden Quadrilateral, North-South Corridor, East-West Corridor.

National Highways

  1. NH-1
  2. NH-2
  3. NH-7

Locating and Labeling:

Major Ports:

International Airports

  1. Kandla
  2. Mumbai
  3. Jawahar Lal Nehru
  4. Marmagao
  5. New Mangalore
  6. Kochi
  7. Tuticorin
  8. Chennai
  9. Vishakhapatnam
  10. Paradip
  11. Haldia
  12. Kolkata
  1. Amritsar (Raja Sansi)
  2. Delhi (Indira Gandhi International)
  3. Mumbai (Chhatrapati Shivaji)
  4. Thiruvanantapuram (Nedimbacherry)
  5. Chennai (Meenam Bakkam)
  6. Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose)
  7. Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi)



CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science | Best Books For CBSE Class 10 Social Science

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science – Prescribed Books


India and the Contemporary World-II – Published by NCERT


Contemporary India-II – Published by NCERT


Democratic Politics-II – Published by NCERT


Understanding Economic Development – Published by NCERT


Together Towards a Safer India – Part III, A text book on Disaster Management – Published by CBSE


English Communicative Class 10 Syllabus

Exam Structure





Reading Skills



Writing Skills with Grammar



Literature Textbook and Extended Reading Text






The Board examination is of 80 marks, with a duration of three hours.


This section will have two unseen passages of a total of 700-750 words as per the details below:

Q.1: A Factual passage 300-350 words with eight Very Short Answer Type (VSA) Questions. [8 marks]

Q.2: A Discursive passage of 350-400 words with four Short Answer Type Questions of eight marks to test inference, evaluation and analysis and four VSA to test vocabulary and comprehension (two VSA for vocabulary and two for comprehension) [12 marks]


Q.3: Formal Letter (Complaints / Inquiry / Placing order / letter to the editor) in about 100-120 words. The questions will be thematically based on the Main Course Book. [8 marks]

Q.4: Writing a short story based on a given outline or cue/s in about 200-250 words. [10 marks]

The Grammar syllabus will include the following areas in class X.

  1. Tenses
  2. Modals (have to/had to, must, should, need, ought to and their negative forms)
  3. Use of passive voice
  4. Subject – verb concord
  5. Reporting
    • (i) Commands and requests
    • (ii) Statements
    • (iii) Questions
  6. Clauses:
    • (i) Noun clauses
    • (ii) Adverb clauses of condition and time
    • (iii) Relative clauses
  7. Determiners
  8. Prepositions

The above items may be tested through test types as given below:

Q.5: Gap filling with one or two words to test Prepositions, Articles, Conjunctions and Tenses. [4 marks]

Q.6: Editing or Omission [4 marks]

Q.7: Sentences reordering or Sentence Transformation in context. [4 marks]

Competitive Examinations for Class 10 with early preparation

The following is the list of competitive exam for Class 10:

  •  NTSE: The National Talent Search Exam encourages students to reason critically while solving problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students from class 10 of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter are based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE board.

  •  NSTSE: The National Level Science Talent Search Exam is organised by the Unified Council for students from classes 2 to 12. It is one of the most popular scholarship examinations conducted in India.
  •  IMO: The International Mathematics Olympiad is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children, both in India and abroad. All students studying in classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible. The subject matter is based on the curriculum prescribed by the CBSE and ICSE boards, and the top rankers per class are awarded scholarships.
  •  NSEJS: The National Standard Exam in Junior Science is jointly conducted by the IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students from classes 1 to 10 are eligible for it.
  •  IOS: The International Science Olympiad is an exam held annually at the national and international levels. The conducting body for IOS is the SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian students from classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible.
  •  IIO: The International Information Olympiad is conducted by the Computer Literary Foundation every year. Students from classes 1 to 12 from recognised schools are eligible for it.

How to prepare for Class 10

Preparation Tips for Class 10

You need to know what to study, how to study, how to manage time,how to manage accuracy every question/exam and where to look for references for better exam result. Below is a list of subject-wise pointers for your preparation.


  • The best way to learn it is by practicing the problems as much a possible. It is highly recommended that problems be practiced till good confidence is achieved.
  • It is important that you spend more time on working out problems you’re weak at and practice it until you satisfied to achieve. Divide time for each unit at your comfort, depending on the total number of marks, and your level of proficiency in it.
  • Maths is a practical subject. The best way to learn it is by practicing problems. Make sure you practice problem solving only after you’ve gained good confidence.
  • During the exam read the question paper carefully,analyse it well and select the best questions to solve first. Attempt the sections that carry more weightage/marks first.


  • Remember biological terms, practice diagrams and be thorough with different processes.
  • Biology course content can be serious and may need multiple readings due to its theoretical nature.
  • Using flash cards can be a good memory retention technique.
  • This subject is strenuous on the memory as concepts are basically pure information. You can approach Biology by trying to visualize the functions of the described phenomena and trying to correlate them with analogies that you’re familiar with. Give special attention to the names and spellings of the many biological terminologies.


  • Practice derivations at least 8 times and sovle and practice questions on the basis of important derivations.
  • Solve at least 8 sample question papers on the basis of the derivations you’ve learned. This will give you an idea about where you’re going wrong and how you could improve.
  • Attempt as many conceptual questions on those derivations as you can. This will give you a better understanding of the subject.
  • Look for new questions on similar context from previous year’s question papers, sample papers and other model test papers.
  • Always time yourself while solving sample papers as it will help you better manage time during the exam.


  • Revise the notes you’ve prepared throughout the year if not then refer to the best notes online and resort to videos for easy to understand concept. They will help you memorize the subject in a systematic way.
  • Make a note of various formulae and stick them on a wall or your study table. Try to read and memorise them every time you pass them.
  • Solve at least 8 sample question from the numerical topics you’ve learnt. This will give you an idea about where you’re going wrong and how you could improve.

Previous Years’ Papers for Class 10 in School Connect Online

Practicing model papers is important like previous year papers,sample papers from various resources, as this helps you simulate the real exam for m. Make sure that you practice regularly so that you can learn all formulae by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.

So practice is an essence for your success in exam,then practice as much as possible for your best performance

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